Issn composition of stem essential oil of chromolaena. Chemical composition of volatile oil from chromolaena odorata and its effect on plant, fungi and insect growth, china, ying yong sheng tai xue may, 2003, 744746. The portable document format pdf is a file format developed by adobe in the 1990s to present documents, including text. This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Phytochemical and pharmacological investigations of invasive. The structure and composition of silver nanoparticles were analysed by xrd. Submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of. Chromolaena odorata is said to be a particular threat in kwazulu natal south africa, hindering biodiversity conservation by.
Nymphaea odorata, also known as the american white waterlily, fragrant waterlily, beaver root, fragrant white water lily, white water lily, sweetscented white water lily, and sweetscented water lily, is an aquatic plant belonging to the genus nymphaea. Merge content from multiple sourcesincluding text files, spreadsheets, emails, web pages, scanned paper, and imagesinto a single pdf file that brings all. How to split a pdf file adobe acrobat dc tutorials adobe support. Most documents on our website are posted in one or more of three formats. Chloromolaena odorata was screened for its phytochemical properties and pharmacological activities. The antimicrobial properties have made it a popular choice. Phytochemical and pharmacological investigations of invasive chromolaena odorata l. This weed is a perennial shrub belonging to the aster family which flourish in most soils and is found abundantly along road sides, on waste land. Chromolaena odorata an overview sciencedirect topics.
It eventually becomes more shrublike, producing long, rambling stems that can be 7 metres or more long. Pdf aktivitas antibakteri daun kirinyuh chromolaena. Siam weed,bitter your kokua is needed to prevent its spread and bush, devil weed, rey del todo and others protect people and our native plants and animals. The average particle size of silver nanoparticles was found in the range of.
Distribution of chromolaena odorata and its biological. It can also grow under dense rainforest flowering is triggered by the shorter day lengths in winter. The new york flora atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. King and robinson asteraceae chromolaena is a woody shrub native to tropical america and the caribbean. It can commonly be found in shallow lakes, ponds, and permanent slow moving waters throughout north america where it ranges from central. Common names include communist pacha siam weed, christmas bush, devil weed. It has been introduced into the tropical regions of asia, africa and the pacific, where it is an invasive weed. Biofabrication of silver nanoparticles using leaf extract. Chromolaena odorata is a scrambling perennial shrub, with straight, pithy, brittle stems which branch readily, bear threeveined, ovatetriangular leaves placed oppositely, and. Chromolaena in the germplasm resources information network grin, u. Lady bird johnson wildflower center focused on protecting and preserving north americas native plants through native plant lists and image galleries, conservation, education, natural landscapes, seed collection millennium seed bank msb project, preserving and restoring native communities, spreading awareness on invasive species and gardening to attract wildlife. Imfolozi park the threat of invasion by chromolaena odorata in the third. Chromolaena odorata siam weed is widely spread throughout the tropics and is subjected to series of processes to determine its acceptability in the animal feed industry for poultry and livestock. The results obtained showed that the leaves contained carbohydrate 1.
The species is present in north queensland, and was the target of a national costshare eradication program until 2012, when it was decided by a nationally appointed scientific advisory panel that eradication was no. Chromolaena odorata is a species of flowering shrub in the sunflower family, asteraceae. Impacts of invasive chromolaena odorata on species. It is regarded as a very serious threat to agriculture and the environment in most of these countries. List of various diseases cured by chromolaena odorata. Mboob 1 a survey of the introduction, distribution and spread of chromoaena odorata in ghana. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the creative commons cc0 license. Chromolaena odorata or siam weed is called ewe akintola or ewe awolowo, and obuinenawa by the yoruba and igbo tribe of nigeria respectively. For colds and flu the leaves of chromolaena odorata are pounded to extract the juice, which is mixed with a tablespoon each of honey, castor oil and olive oil. Pdf on nov 27, 2015, media yutika and others published aktivitas antibakteri daun kirinyuh chromolaena odorata l.
It continues to spread due to its effective short and longdistance dispersal. Chromolaena odorata lady bird johnson wildflower center. Chromolaena odorata in the germplasm resources information network grin, u. Chromolaena odorata is a fastgrowing perennial shrub, native to south america and central america. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. It is regarded as a very serious threat to agriculture and the environment in most of. Until the early 1970s, chromolaena was known as eupatorium odoratum l. Names of chromolaena odorata in various languages of. Physical removal of the basalroot ball is very efective invades creeks, riverbanks and remnant patches of rainforests. Uses, benefits, cures, side effects, nutrients in chromolaena odorata. It was first reported in papua new guinea png in east new britain province in the 1960s henty and pritchard, 1973, presumably spread from southeast asia, during or soon after world war ii. Phytochemical analysis, mineral composition and in vitro.
Learn how to change how pdfs are viewed in firefox with either the builtin viewer or a third party tool. Chromolaena odorata is a tropical and subtropical species of flowering shrub in the sunflower family. Distribution, ecology and management of chromolaena. Also known as siam weed, it forms dense stands that prevent the establishment of other plant species. It is native to the americas, from florida and texas in the united states south through mexico and the caribbean to south america, it has been introduced to tropical asia, west africa, parts of australia. In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each plant. It can form pure stands where established, often in disturbed areas, grasslands, fallow areas and forestry plantations, and is highly. Department of agriculture agricultural research service. Tumbuhan ini merupakan gulma padang rumput yang penyebarannya sangat luas di indonesia tidak hanya di lahan kering atau pegunungan, tetapi juga di lahan rawa dan lahan basah. A plant can germinate and set seed within a 12 month period. Seed production is very prolific with up to 87,000 seeds per mature plant or about 400,000sqm.
It is known to have originated from south and central america but now. Antioxidant properties of the leaves of chromolaena. Chromolaena is known by a large number of mostly local vernacular names, in. Muniappan2,3, tzuhui wang 1, and chinjung wu 1institute of tropical agriculture and international cooperation, national pingtung university of science and technology, 1 hseuh fu road, nei pu. Robinson, is a neotropical asteraceae considered to be one of the most aggressive invasive plants in tropical and subtropical areas. In this report, we present the essential oil composition of the aerial parts of c.
Eupatorieae, commonly called chromolaena, is a sprawling shrub that has become one of the worst invasive terrestrial weeds in the humid tropics and subtropics of the old world figure 1. The chemical analyses of both aqueous and methanolic extracts of the leaves of chromolaena adorata siam weed was carried out to assess the possible utilization of the plant leaf as food and medicine. One of the largest bromeliads featuring long silverblue soft leaves. Antimirobial effects of chromolaena odorata on some human. Chromolaena is a genus of about 165 species of perennials and shrubs in the family asteraceae. The effect of chromolaena odorata siam weed on the. Materials and methods collection of samples the medicinal plant used in this study was the leaves chromolaena odorata siam weed. Chromolaena odorata is a perennial shrub native to tropical america. An 8 flower spike, based on maturity and the season, flowers once the plant has grown huge for years comments. The plant was popularized by its effective wound healing property. A comprehensive coverage of the distribution and ecology of the plant can be found on the invasive species specialist group database. Chromolaena odorata forms dense stands preventing establishment of other species, both due to competition and allelopathic effects. Names of chromolaena odorata in various languages of the world are also given.
Does great in full sun in the landscape or in decorative pots on either side of a doorway. Chromolaena odorata siamweed this plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below. Change text and images quickly and easily in pdf documents. Its small flowerheads about 3 mm across are pale pink or mauve in colour and are borne in dense clusters at the tips of the branches. For early stages of cancer flewi nwel is boiled with tabak djab pluchea odorata, ti patat ruellia tuberosa, chadon benni eryngium foetidum the whole plant with roots, and a planten. You can download a version suitable for your system, free of. Successful biological control of chromolaena odorata by. Kofi koba, guyon cathrine, christine raynaud, jean. It is native to north america, from florida and texasto mexico and the caribbean, and has been introduced to tropical asia, west africa, and parts of australia. Big bushy herb or subshrub with long rambling but not twining branches. It has been introduced to tropical asia, west africa, and parts of australia. Table of contents table des matieres preface vil preface viii the status of chromoaena odorata l. Common names include communist pacha siam weed, christmas bush, devil weed, common floss.
How chromolaena odorata is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Usda, ars, germplasm resources information network. Uvvis absorption shows a characteristic absorption peak of silver nanoparticles at 450 nm. Merge multiple files into one pdf file with acrobat xi acrobat users. Learn how to edit pdf files using adobe acrobat dc.
Chromolaena odorata herb uses, benefits, cures, side. Chromolaena odorata invades a wide range of natural vegetation types, from grassland through savanna, bush, open woodland and forest margins and gaps goodall and erasmus, 1996. Chromolaena odorata l king and robinson belongs to the family asteraceae and is known locally in nigeria through many common names as awolowo, siam weed, elizabeth weed, obirakara, olorohuru and independence weed 1. Chromolaena odorata current potential siam weed or chromolaena chromolaena odorata siam weed or chromolaena chromolaena odorata the problem siam weed is on the alert list for environmental weeds, a list of 28 nonnative plants that threaten biodiversity and cause other environmental damage. The name is derived from the greek word khroma, meaning color, and the latin word laena, meaning cloak. This page was last edited on 9 december 2014, at 04. Its small flowerheads about 3 mm across are pale pink or mauve in colour and are. How to edit a pdf adobe acrobat dc adobe document cloud.1144 775 170 302 764 1535 1183 784 343 1354 31 447 1634 878 822 472 421 1636 1121 605 1066 1315 1200 537 1518 610 396 450 1018 1049 70 765 953 626 439 1407 1376 85 634 803 982 1296 779 924 811